Studies in Slavic Languages and Literatures.


It is with great pleasure that we publish this collection of scientific papers and contributions on Slavic languages and literature presented at the ICCEES Congress held in Stockholm (June 2010). The Congress has showcased that the different disciplines addressed in East European and Eurasian studies are continuously growing and enlarging their thematic and scientific horizons. The ICCEES 2010 Congress mainly focused on issues of Slavic and East European history, politics and economics. However, the interest in Slavic and East European literature and linguistic studies is also rising, as confirmed by the general program of the Congress, where several panels were dedicated to language, literature and cultural studies.

Slavic languages are also known as Slavonic languages spoken by the people residing in Eastern Europe.  The Slavic language is classified into 3 branches: West-Slavic branch, South Slavic branch and East Slavic branch. There are various transitional dialects which connect different languages.  The difference between the languages and dialects in grammar, vocabulary, and phonetics can cause misunderstandings in simple conversations.  Check out the directory to know more about the language. The major difficulty is faced in journalism language and technical usage.

In order to better follow the Slavic languages, listed below are few facts about them:

All the Slavic languages are originated from a single language- Proto-Slavic is the parent language. This language was spoken till 5th Century AD in all areas wherein now the Slavic languages are spoken.  However, there is no written record of this language. By 7th Century AD, the language began to get divided into various dialects which later on became the different Slavic languages.

Slavic languages share with each other more characteristics than any other language groups- Other than belonging to one language group and sharing one ancestor, these languages have many things in common with one another when compared to other language families.  These languages are more homogeneous and got more mutual intelligibility. It happens so as it was one Slavic language till the 10th century. Also, most of them have retained morphological characteristics of the parent language and this makes the grammar very much similar to each other. They got few nasal vowel sounds and got consonant clusters.

In Europe, it is the second largest language family and hence it makes more sense that around 315 million people speak the Slavic language.  Even though it got 3 branches, they cover the areas from Serbian to Russia.

Kosovo: independence, status, perspectives

The book Kosovo: independence, status, perspectives. Adjusting regional policies of ethnicity and borders includes a wide variety of contributions which analyze and clarify the impact of the Kosovo issue in the wider context of the Balkans, particularly in relation to its declaration of independence in 2008. Co-edited by a Serbian and a Kosovar scholar, this volume offers to the reader a rare in-depth understanding of the events that prolongued the deep division of the Western Balkan societies after the NATO air-strikes of 1999 as well as of the search for a new dialogue aimed to strengthen stabilization, democratization and prospective integration into the EU.

European Union is a political and economic partnership between twenty-eight countries that are part of Europe. The European Union has created a single currency named Euro and also has been responsible for making single market to sell and buy goods and services. With the EU, the citizens could move around freely between the member states and also can work and live wherever they please.  The founding principle of the union which is known as four freedoms guarantees free movement of goods, services, capital, and people.  You could view publisher site to get more information regarding the same.

Reasons for creating European Union

The European Union was created at the beginning of World War II in order to prevent any further conflict between the countries within Europe and also promote economic cooperation.  Its origin could be traced back to 1951 wherein a community was established to integrate the steel and coal industries.  Then ECC (European Economic Community) was established in 1958 to improve the relationship between Germany, Belgium, Netherlands, Luxembourg, Italy, and France.  In 1993, the name of ECC was changed into EU (European Union) in order to reflect the growing involvement in various policy areas like environment and development aid.

EU plays quite an important role in promotion of human rights, humanitarian aid, diplomacy, trade, and development. It works along with the multi lateral organization.  The action of the Unions will be guided by its own principle that has been inspired by its own creation, enlargement, and development.  It seems to work for the advancement of Rule of law, democracy, indivisibility of human rights, universality, fundamental freedoms, the principle of solidarity and equality, respect for the principle of the international law and United Nations Charter.  Even its plays few roles outside its border like a responsible neighbor, contributor to peace and so on.

17th CEI International Summer School Beyond Enlargement. The Wider Europe and the New Neighbourhood

The Background

The CEI International Summer School “Beyond Enlargement. The Wider Europe and the New Neighbourhood” will take place in Faenza, from Sunday 4th to Saturday 17th September 2011.

Since 1995 the “Europe and the Balkans International Network – Centre for Eastern European and Balkan Studies”, established by the University of Bologna, has been organising a yearly Summer School for post-graduate students from Eastern Europe and from the European Union. Up to the ninth edition, held in 2003, the School was entitled “Post-Communist Transition and European Integration Processes”. Starting from 2004 the School has the title: “Beyond Enlargement.

The children become unconditionally happy when they are nearing their summer vacations because they can get around a month of continuous holidays. But once the vacation begins, they start feeling passive and boring.

But in recent days, almost all the parents would like to put up their kids in summer classes and even it has become a trend now. I could say this is really a great thing because when the kids stay at home for such a long time, they get bored very easily and get irritated unnecessarily. So, if we engage them in something interesting, it will be definitely helpful for them to learn many new things and their creativity level can get increased automatically.

We the parents can check here the best schools for summer classes and admit our children there and bring out their hidden talents. When the kids mingle with many children, then automatically their interaction and communication skills can develop and it helps them for their bright future.

Think well and decide before admitting your little ones in the summer school as many institutions are looting the money from us and not teaching the children well and making them exploring any novel things.

The Wider Europe and the New Neighbourhood”. This title change is explained by the enlargement of the EU towards ten East European Countries in 2004, seven of them belonging to the CEI area that represents the conclusion of the so called “post-communist transition”, at least for this part of Eastern Europe. The recent policy of the EU on “Greater Europe and the new neighbourhood” offers new rooms for an interaction between the CEI and the EU strategic goals, and this will be taken into serious consideration in the School programmes as well as in the selection of the students.

MIREES call for applications for the academic year 2011-2012 is open!

The international Master of Arts in Interdisciplinary Research and Studies on Eastern Europe (MIREES) is a Second cycle Joint Degree(120 ECTS), conferred by the University of Bologna (Forlì Campus), the Vytautas Magnus University at Kaunas, the Corvinus University of Budapest, and the Saint-Petersburg State University. The program is jointly carried out with the cooperation of the University of Ljubljana.

Advantages of having a master’s in interdisciplinary research are as follows:

  1. Today, research is not something which is confined to one area of study. The various subjects have become so interlinked that it is very important to master in related subjects.  This will make the research process easier and perfect.
  2. Interdisciplinary research aims at creating professions who are overall masters of various skills. It helps in preparing the researcher to analyze, assess and manage problems on international dynamism.
  3. The opportunity to learn vital issues related to economics, politics, and culture is not available in various other branches of studies. Only interdisciplinary research provides this unique opportunity.
  4. The holder of this masters will have hot opportunities to work in NGOs across various nations.
  5. The researcher gets academic and professional training.

If a person really wants an altogether unique and challenging career, he can find this masters degree as a wonderful opportunity.

Nowadays the world has become a complex place of existence.  There is a constant need to develop a knowledge base which can serve as a bridge between various fields of specialization.  Say, for example, one has to understand history as well as politics to work on peace education.  A person has to be a legal expert as well as humanitarian to understand and implement the judicial system.  Similarly, one has to understand the cultural differences and socio-economic conditions to frame the law and strengthen democracy.  Definitely, interdisciplinary research will help the world to create multi-faceted talents who can bring harmony.  It can reduce the frictions due to limitations in understanding in other fields of specialization.


MIREES is an innovative graduate programme, taught entirely in English , unique in Italy and Europe, devoted to students that have a BA background in Economics, Politics, International Relations, History, Agricultural or Cultural studies at large, and would now like to acquire a specialized, in-depth knowledge of the Post-socialist Countries in transition, the new EU member States after the Enlargements of 2004 and 2007, as well as the New East-European Neighbour Countries.

Submit an Article or a Book Review to Southeastern Europe!

We are particularly interested in contributions from a range of contexts and perspectives – political science, history, sociology, law, anthropology, cultural studies – which deal with the region from a national, regional or international perspective.

Articles should begin with an abstract, include up to eight keywords, and should not normally exceed 9,000 words.Book Reviews (800-1,000 words) can also be broadened into Review Essays (2,000 words) from the comparison of two or more books on the same topic or from the same author.

Points to be considered while submitting an article:

  1. Title: Give an attractive good title.  The title should reflect the sum total of the article.
  2. 2. Language: Use clear and simple language.
  3. Presentation: Present the article in a neat manner.  It should be neatly typed.  A clumsy presentation will spoil the total outlook of the article.  Ensure that the flow of the language is smooth.
  4. Good format: Present it in a convenient format.  Include appropriate references.  Ensure you present the correct facts.  Mention sources while presenting statistical data.  If necessary include pictorial representation like graphs.  That will make your article very understandable.  Pictorial representation invokes the interest of the viewer.  If you are looking for the best tips for making a catchy article, see it here.
  5. Cover letter: An article must be submitted with a cover letter.  It is enough to mention in the cover letter that you are submitting an article.  Do not waste time giving the inputs once again in the cover letter.  The viewer will refer directly to your article for knowing the details.
  6. Don’t: Do not have a closed-minded setup.  Be open for rejections.  When there are suggestions for improvement, accept them.  If you differ, politely explain the reasons.

Also, when you submit an article, do not expect the outcome on the very next day.  One has to understand that there will be many such entries.  Hence give reasonable time for the viewer to get back to you.

  1. Avoid procrastination: When submitting an article, do not postpone things.  You might think that you have enough time to complete everything.  But practically you need lots of time to complete the article neatly.  So postponing things will result in rushing up.  Thus, the end product will be bad in shape.
  2. Avoid plagiarism: Plagiarism will hamper your opportunities and growth.  Totally avoid plagiarism.  It will create a bad impression and spoil your prospects.

Any manuscript submitted for publication on Southeastern Europe must comply with the Instructions for Authors(LINK: For information about subscription orders, visit the Brill’s website (LINK:

PECOB calls for papers!

Interested contributors may deal with any topic focusing on the political, economic, historical, social or cultural aspects of a specific country or region covered by PECOB.

Read on to know the best Tips for providing a good scientific proposal:

  1. Selection of the subject: Select an interesting subject.  It should be something innovative.  If it is related to the need of the hour then it will be appreciated more.  Hence ensure that your proposal relates to meeting utility.
  2. Be practical: Practicability is very important in creating a successful scientific proposal.    When your proposal is very attractive and related to the latest technology and does not have feasibility, it would be a failed proposal.
  3. Be precise: Do not make your proposal very lengthy.  But precision should not be at the cost of clarity.  With the existing content, the audience should be able to find more info.
  4. Plan your proposal layout: Your proposal layout must be well-planned.  A proposal without proper planning would look clumsy.  Ensure that the structure of the proposal flows neatly without any deviation.
  5. Exclude simplicity: You need not break down all minute details and try to make the proposal very simple.  Since the target audience level is complex, you can make the proposal rich.
  6. Illustrate: Include more illustrations.  The more you substantiate using real-life examples, experiments and statistics, the proposal will be more catchy.
  7. Critical Review: After you complete the proposal, get a critical review from a few of your friends.
  8. Follow the instructions: Whenever you are submitting scientific proposals for specific needs, check with the source to which you are going to submit the proposal.  Make sure you follow all the instructions.  Especially make sure you meet all the eligibility criteria.  Important requirements like copyright compliance have to be met correctly.
  9. Proofread: Once the rough draft and critical review are complete, make the corrections and prepare the final review.  Proofread the proposal and make the necessary rectifications.  Once the proposal is perfectly ready, you can proceed with the submission process.


Following all the above steps will ensure that you prepare an attractive proposal.

Potential contributors must submit a short abstract (200-300 words) and the full text, which can be in English as well as any language from the countries covered by PECOB.

Upcoming deadlines for submitting proposals are:

January 31st, 2011
June 30th, 2011
November 30th, 2011


Guida ai paesi dell’Europa centrale orientale e balcanica

A single volume written entirely by Italians on Central and Eastern Europe and the Balkans, this yearbook is an essential source of consultation, clear and concise, written by leading experts in the field. It includes 24 country sections, from Russia to Turkey, as well as Greece, Cyprus and the European republics of the former Soviet Union, which describe the major political and economic features of each country as well its international relations, and in addition provides a chronology of the most important events.

Eastern parts of Europe is an area that envelops various societies, ethnicities, dialects, and historic elements. Gathering these nations within a solitary assignment can at times be hazardous; specialists, researchers, and those residing there name sections of the area as per fluctuating arrangements of criteria, and warmed discussions have been known to emit when a gathering has experienced that a specific nation has not been categorized properly. Notwithstanding, it’s critical to perceiving that the nations comprehensively delegated being a piece of Eastern area of Europe have a common aspect; they were the ones that initiated the Iron Curtain prior to its fall, and this limit of the previous century encourages us to characterize a district whose advancement, particularly till the 1990s, has been altogether varying from the Western part of Europe.

It’s reasonable for a few nations whose national personalities were so quelled in the tyrant routines; to feel sick of being partnered with an aspect that they think is obsolete and which unjustifiably connects them with different nations from whom they would preferably separate themselves. In any case, it’s a great post to read, in all actuality Eastern part of Europe and the sub-locales is a social, geological, and historic spot, and this area commands the district while recognizing the distinctions of every sub-area and every country inside that sub-locale.

The essays preceding the country sections analyze the causes, evolution and consequences of the international financial-economic crisis which hit the region extremely hard, with significant social and political as well as economic repercussions. The worrying developments assumed by the context in terms of the prospects and stability of global and national financial systems make this yearbook even more important and useful.The Guide is thus a work providing information and critical analysis which, year after year since 1998, updates readers in the form of an essential and basic tool for all those who desire or need, for purposes of work or simple interest, to know the major developments in this part of Europe.

“Europe and the Balkans” International Network

The “Europe and the Balkans” International Network was established by 12 scholars from 4 countries (Italy, United Kingdom, Greece and Denmark) in 1993, thanks to the financial support of the European Commission (Human Capital and Mobility Program).

Since then, the Network has greatly expanded and currently includes over 250 scholars from 36 European countries, the United States and Canada.

The Network has a flexible structure and is coordinated by the Institute for Central Eastern and Balkan Europe.

In looking at the political and monetary direction of the Western Balkan region through this website, consideration has been centered around the relationship with the EU (European Union). There are the financial, conciliatory and social associations that have been set up between the area and different rising economies. A portion of these associations is restoring ancient connections, for example, ones with Russia. The rest are fresher comparatively, for example, China, and speak to new wellsprings of financial advancement and political open doors for the district. Associations extend from interests in vital ventures, pipeline advancements and foundation extends that interface the Balkan promontory with the Central parts of Europe, Northern Africa, and the Middle East to activities that are apparently increasingly unconstrained in character.


The EU has close and near connections with the nations in the Western region of the Balkans. It means to anchor prosperous, steady, and well-working social orders on an enduring way towards EU mix. The situations for setting up legally binding relations with these nations were initially set up during 1997. It was affirmed that the nations belonging to this region might be qualified for EU enrollment in case they had the criteria set up during 1993. The assurance of the European Council to completely and adequately bolster the Western parts of the Balkans on their way for joining the European Union was repeated during 2003.


During 2006, the European Council insisted the requirement for reasonable and thorough regulations in accordance with the Copenhagen criteria, the adjustment, and affiliation procedures and the restored agreement on conceding fresh nations to the European Union. Serbia and Montenegro have begun participation dialogues among them.


As per the CSDP (Common Security and Defense Policy), the European Union holds a major and fundamental supporting job in balancing out Herzegovina and Bosnia, via a military-driven accomplishment. Inside the Stabilization and Association procedure, local participation and great neighborly connections are basic for steadiness and the area’s progressing compromise procedures.

SUMMER SCHOOL “Intensive Course On Diversity Management” At The Vytautas Magnus University Of Kaunas

With the co-financement of the European Commission’s Lifelong Learning Programme – ERASMUS – Intensive Programme (IP)

Call for application is open for the second edition of the Erasmus Intensive Programme on Diversity Managment which will take place in Kaunas, Lithuania, from July 10th to July 23rd, 2012.

The course is designed for 35 students and 15 teachers coming from 5 different European universities.

The overall aim of the course…

It is centered around the globalization of the overall economic status and the distribution of worldwide organizations carried another turn into the idea, in that management of diversity need not exclusively allude to the variety of the workforce in a nation yet to the synthesis of workforce crosswise over nations.


It alludes to authoritative activities that intend to advance more noteworthy incorporation of workers from various foundations into an association’s framework via explicit approaches and projects. Associations are receiving management of diversity methodologies as a reaction to the developing variety of working labor across the globe.


Headways in innovation currently enable organizations to contract and oversee workers from across the globe and in various time frames. Organizations are structuring explicit projects and arrangements to improve representative consideration, advancement, and maintenance of workers who are from various foundations and societies. The projects and approaches are intended to make an inviting situation for gatherings that needed access to work and progressively rewarding employment previously.


Various Sorts:

The underlying is the different kinds of managing diversity:



It points to dealing with a labor force that includes residents or foreigners in a solitary national setting. The variety procedures center around giving business chances to minor gatherings or late workers. See here, for instance, a French organization might actualize approaches and projects with the point of enhancing affect ability and giving work to minor ethnic gatherings in the nation.



It alludes to dealing with a labor force that involves subjects from various nations. It might include workers from various nations who are looking for business. A model is a US related organization with offices in China, Korea, and Canada. The organization will build up diversified projects and strategies that can be applied in its US home office and abroad workplaces. The primary test of this type is that the actual organization needs to think about the authoritative and social laws in the hosting nations it works in, contingent upon where the representatives reside.

18th CEI International Summer School Beyond Enlargement. The Wider Europe and the New Neighbourhood

The Background

The 18th edition of the CEI International Summer School “Beyond Enlargement. The Wider Europe and the New Neighbourhood” will take place in Cervia, from Sunday 2nd to Saturday 15th September 2012.

Education is important for any individual. Not just the classroom, every single scenario, and circumstance teaches something to the individuals. The objective of the summer school programme is to impart creativity and to motivate the students to fly high and achieve big. The International student’s summit aims to promote intercultural relationship among the students of different nationalities. They organize different activities for students like paper presentations, seminars, and debates. Last year, when the event took place, a young aspirant came up the composition for the natural supplement, Arthrolon. This event serves a platform for experimenting and researching new stuff. We are planning to send invitation emails to a number of Universities across Europe. Accommodation and food are provided for the participants for lower costs. It is advised to register the names before the stipulated time period. All the articles that are sent would be carefully examined by our reputed scholars and a few outstanding papers would be selected for live presentation. Even funding would be allocated for the students who come up with exceptionally good abstract. We delightfully welcome sponsors and volunteers.

Since 1995 the “Europe and the Balkans International Network – Centre for Eastern European and Balkan Studies”, established by the University of Bologna, has been organising a yearly Summer School for post-graduate students from Eastern Europe and from the European Union. Up to the ninth edition, held in 2003, the School was entitled “Post-Communist Transition and European Integration Processes”. Starting from 2004 the School has the title: “Beyond Enlargement. The Wider Europe and the New Neighbourhood”. This title change is explained by the enlargement of the EU towards ten East European Countries in 2004, seven of them belonging to the CEI area that represents the conclusion of the so called “post-communist transition”, at least for this part of Eastern Europe. The recent policy of the EU on “Greater Europe and the new neighbourhood” offers new rooms for an interaction between the CEI and the EU strategic goals, and this will be taken into serious consideration in the School programmes as well as in the selection of the students.